Dapps are Software Applications that run on a P2P based on distributed consensus. In layman’s terms, these are applications that run on a P2P network of nodes. The centralized private servers do not store the data and information of the DApps; it is recorded and executed on a distributed system of nodes.
Moreover, we have moved from the age of installing software to running them directly on the web. The bandwidth and functionalities of the present day web applications lack only one thing: Decentralization.
Dapps Are Basically Web Applications
Some Dapps have existed even before the advent of Bitcoin; the most famous amongst them is the Torrent Network of file sharing.
In Blockchain terminology, ‘smart contracts‘ when implemented on top of UI/UX platforms results is a sort of a web application that runs autonomously abiding the conditions of the ‘smart contract’; these web applications are called DApps or Decentralized Applications.
Browsers to Access Dapps
Since the link between the API and the server is different in case of Dapps based on ‘smart contracts,’ specialized browsers are being developed. These are being classified at Web3 browsers.
‘Smart Contracts’ provide the link between the database on the Blockchain and the Front End Website. These browsers provide access to user access to the Blockchain. Various browsers have currently enabled support for Dapps including Opera and MetaMask with Brave browser.
Platforms for Development of Dapps
Moreover, ‘smart contracts’ can be developed on platforms like Ethereum and Tron. These platforms allow for designing web applications that inherently run on the blockchain. They also have a cryptocurrency associated with the platform. Moreover, these platforms also allow the addition and development of new assets on their platforms. Other popular Dapps Platform based on Blockchain are EOS, Cardano, NEM, Ardor, and NEO.